The fourth largest city in the Kingdom of Morocco. It is the capital of the mid-southwestern region of Marrakesh-Safi. It is west of the foothills of the Atlas Mountains.
The region has been inhabited by Berber farmers since Neolithic times. The red walls of the city‚ built by Ali ibn Yusuf in 1122–1123‚ and various buildings constructed in red sandstone afterwards‚ have given the city the nickname of the "Red City" or "Ochre City". Marrakesh grew rapidly and established itself as a cultural‚ religious‚ and trading centre for the Maghreb and sub-Saharan Africa.
Marrakesh comprises an old‚ fortified city packed with vendors and their stalls. This medina quarter is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Today it is one of the busiest cities in Africa and serves as a major economic centre and tourist destination. Marrakesh has the largest traditional market (souk) in Morocco‚ with some 18 souks selling wares ranging from traditional Berber carpets to modern consumer electronics. Crafts employ a significant percentage of the population‚ who primarily sell their products to tourists.
Marrakesh is served by Ménara International Airport and by Marrakesh railway station which connects the city to Casablanca and northern Morocco.
Chez Ali Club de Marrakech. The Marrakesh Street Circuit hosts the World Touring Car Championship‚ Auto GP and FIA Formula Two Championship races.